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Exposure adjustment

Exposure adjustment is used to deliberately increase or decrease exposure from the normal metered value. Adjustment range is from +4 to -4 stops in half-stop increments. To set:

  1. Press and hold the exposure adjustment button (marked +/-).
  2. Move the shutter speed lever until the desired value appears in the data panel. Set minus (-) numbers to decrease exposure and plus (+) numbers to increase exposure.

Typical situations

When you use center-weighted average metering, the following suggestions will help you decide whether to use exposure adjustment. Individual conditions and intentions will, of course, determine which exposure you choose.

  • When the background is much brighter than the main subject: Set exposure adjustment between +0.5 and +2.0 steps, depending on lighting conditions.
  • When the main subject is much lighter than the background: Set exposure adjustment between -0.5 and -2.0 stops, depending on lighting conditions. This exposure adjustment can also be used for spotlit subjects, as at a circus or on a stage.
  • For scenes where most of the tones are very light, such as snow-covered hillsides: An adjustment of +0.5 to +2.0 stops may be necessary. Similarly, an adjustment of -0.5 to -2.0 stops can be used when the overall scene is composed of mostly darker tones, as like a black cat against a dark background.
  • Exposure adjustment can also be used to vary exposure in half-stops for series of photographs of the same scene. This technique, known as "bracketing", is especially useful when you are not sure which exposure will look best, as when photographing a sunset.
  • Reset exposure adjustment to "+-0.0" after use.
  • Exposure adjustment is reset if the camera batteries are removed.
  • When using an R60 (red) filter, adjust the exposure with +1.0 stop.

Click to see descriptions of the different parts.

The current amount of exposure compensation is shown while the exposure compensation button is pressed. Here, -2.5 is selected.

And here +1.0.

If exposure compensation is set, a plus or minus sign will show in the data panel even when the button is not pressed. Note that the shutter speed and aperture values are computed from actual exposure with compensation added; that is, if exposure compensation is set to +1.0 and the light level in the scene corresponds to an exposure with 1/4000 at F4, the data panel will show 1/2000 and F4 (which is one stop faster) together with a plus sign to indicate that exposure compensation is set.

Mounting index Bayonet mount Aperture stopdown pin Lens lock pin Lens release button Self timer LED Shutter speed up/down control DOF preview switch Lens contacts Aperture up/down control Focus mode switch Remote control terminal (covered) Matte screen Bottom contacts for accessories Battery compartment Rewind release Coupler for motorized film winding Coupler for motorized film rewind Handgrip PC socket Focus drive coupler Mirror Tripod socket Serial number Back release lock Lighting window Diopter adjustment dial Eyepiece shutter lever AEL button Accessory shoe Finder Film window Film advance lever On/off switch Multiple exposure button Strap eyelets Strap eyelets Strap eyelets Exposure mode selector Shutter release button Self timer switch Exposure adjustment button Frame counter Back release/ rewind crank / metering selector ISO adjustment button Film guide rails Film guide rails Back removal lever Take up spool Shutter curtains Film winding sprockets Accessory back contacts Back release latch Rewind prong DX contacts Back/top Front/bottom Film chamber Alphabetical